Agricultural equipment suppliers know that more income is made from the maintenance of agricultural machinery and accessories than from the actual sale of the vehicles, equip­ment, and accessories.

Financial models for mechanical parts have moved over the years from being about making something that lasts forever, needing minimal main­tenance and reparation, to making technology that gives healthy balance sheets to the suppliers whilst simul­taneously satisfying farmers’ need to advance technologically.

This strategy by agricultural firms stems out of the need for rapid Returns On Investments (ROI) for their share­holders, and also out of the inevitable redundancy brought on by technologi­cal advancements.

What may seem like a lifetime chang­ing invention in today’s rapidly chang­ing world ceases to be so after less than half a decade, therefore focussing on profits within the shortest period of time makes sense. Thus, maintenance and repair strategies must also be technological savvy and dynamic.

A well ordered parts facility is essential for any company assisting farmers to maintain their equipment.

Maintenance procedures can be cat­egorised into reactive/unplanned and proactive/planned actions. These can be broken down further:

1. Reactive/unplanned

1.1 Corrective

1.2. Emergency maintenance

2. Proactive/planned maintenance

2.1. Preventative

2.1.1.Constant interval


2.1.3.Imperfect maintenance

2.2. Predictive



Corrective maintenance is realised when a flaw has been identified on a piece of equipment. The aim of this type of maintenance is to make the damaged equipment function normally once more.

Emergency maintenance, also known as breakdown maintenance, is maintenance required when an asset or piece of equipment suffers an unex­pected breakdown or change in condi­tion that prevents it from functioning normally.

Preventative maintenance is em­ployed before any breakdown or failure occurs. Its aim is to reduce the prob­ability of breakdown or degradation of a piece of equipment, component, or spare part. In order to implement such maintenance, the part’s history has to be known and its historical failures. This maintenance type permits techni­cians to foretell when a piece of equip­ment might break down.

With constant interval main­tenance equipment functionality is optimised by regularly applying main­tenance and reparation procedures regardless if the equipment or system is functioning well. The application of this preventive replacement strategy at constant time intervals reduces total down-time and keeps the agricul­tural setup fluidly progressing without snags.

Age-based maintenance is a form of condition-based maintenance (CbM). Some equipment needs consistent maintenance regardless of their age.

Imperfect maintenance can be identified as maintenance that makes a piece of equipment not “as good as new” but younger. After an imperfect maintenance action, the equipment and its corresponding system lies in a state somewhere between brand new and its pre-maintenance condition.

Predictive maintenance allows technicians to anticipate breakdowns. Through the application of this type of maintenance the technical team would know when a piece of equipment might break down and therefore proceed to administer maintenance operations. Predictive maintenance can be easier using a Computerised Maintenance Management Information System (CMMS) which is a software package that maintains a computer database of information about an organisation’s maintenance operations.

Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM) is a process that ensures main­tenance tasks are performed in an ef­ficient, cost-effective, reliable, and safe manner. RCM applies an all-round ap­proach documenting the entire process throughout the system, equipment, or component life cycle for every piece of equipment in the agricultural facility.

Condition-based maintenance is a rigorous procedure to implement. It aims to prevent failures and requires regular check-ups of the state, the efficiency as well as other indicators of the system. The information for the efficient and effective use of this system needs to be collected manually or automatically always ensuring that everything is continually supervised.

Reasons to undertake maintenance are mainly to improve and maintain productivity and profitability through updating the vehicles, machinery, and equipment, and collecting information relating to the equipment to predict potential breakdowns. This enables agricultural setups to be efficient, and effective, and have in place well-organ­ised mediations.


Successful farming staff. (2022). Available at: https://www.agricul­­nance/farm-equipment-repair-and-maintenance

FAO elearning Academy. (2022) Operation and maintenance of agri­cultural equipment for hire service businesses. Available at:

Iboaya, J. I. (1985) Agricultural ma­chinery maintenance in developing countries. Available at:

Holt AG Solutions. (2014) Guide to farm equipment maintenance. Avail­able at:­nance

Health and Safety Executive. (2022) Maintenance – Vehicles and machin­ery. Available at:­nance.htm

Noria Corporation. (2022) Proactively Maintaining Your Agricultural Equip­ment. Available at:­­tural-equipment