Livestock

FMD could wipe out game ranches

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) has the potential to wipe out game ranches. “The effects will be worse than on a cattle farm, and destroy the ranch financially and from a biodi­versity p...

21 Sep 2022 · 7 min read

Pig farming part 6: Understand the products your pigs can produce

Global meat consumption is increas­ing steadily with the concurrent rise in human population. Among meat products, pork has been maintaining its position in the top two of meats consume...

21 Sep 2022 · 5 min read

Sterkfontein Meatmaster provides top genetics at their production auction

If you are looking for sheep that adapt well to different climates, an animal from Sterkfontein Meatmasters might just be the answer for you! "These animals adapt very well. We sell h...

5 Sep 2022 · < 1 min read

The Leliekrans Meatmaster auction is just around the corner

CdP auctioneers invite you to the annual Leliekraans Meatmaster Production auction to pick from top genetics to add to your farm. There will be a variety of animals available for bidd...

5 Sep 2022 · < 1 min read

Gumboro Disease and the MB-Strain

Gumboro disease, also known as Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD), is a threat to all poultry enterprises. This is a contagious disease affecting young birds. The virus targets the Bursa of...

1 Sep 2022 · 6 min read

Beekeeping Part 3: How to start beekeeping

In the first three articles on beekeeping, we gave you some background on why you should keep bees, what role bees play in pollination, and what goes on inside the hive. In this issue, w...

1 Sep 2022 · 8 min read

Beekeeping Part 2: Pollination – a vital service to farmers

About eighty percent of all flowering plants must be pollinated and this is mostly done by insects and other animals, such as birds and bats. Pollination affects more than a third of glo...

31 Aug 2022 · 10 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle: Part 9 – The benefits and di...

Fishbone milking parlour Cows enter these parlours in groups and stand at an angle to the milking pit, so that only the udder part of the cow is exposed to the labourer (Figure 1). ...

31 Aug 2022 · 6 min read

Beekeeping part 1: Introduction to beekeeping

Have you ever considered what life would be like without bees? Very few plants will grow in our gardens, and we will most certainly have less food to eat. More than 150 plant species tha...

31 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Feed your pet the best with Top Dog from Tiger Animal Feeds

What you feed your dogs is one of the most important choices a dog owner can make. Choosing the right diet for your dog is not always an easy decision, but with Tiger Animal Feeds as spe...

31 Aug 2022 · 3 min read

Tiger Animal Feeds: Enriching Zambian farmers with training

In developing countries such as Zam­bia, poverty levels are increasing, especially among rural households, the majority of whom rely on agriculture as their main source of livelihood. ...

31 Aug 2022 · 3 min read

Five vaccination tips to successfully control Gumboro Disease in broilers

In our previous two articles (ProAgri Zambia 71 and 73), we have described the basis of Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) (or Gumboro Disease), the dynamics of antibodies in chickens, as w...

31 Aug 2022 · 7 min read

Tiger Animal Feeds: More than just feed in dairy farming Part 2

Dairy farming demands a hardworking, determined, and patient farmer. The aspiring dairy farmer must know that there is no holiday. A dairy farmer must possess some substantial knowledge ...

30 Aug 2022 · 5 min read

Feed dairy calves for future prosperity

Raising healthy and productive calves is crucial for the long-term success of the dairy industry. The target of all good dairies should be to minimize mortality, and providing calves wit...

30 Aug 2022 · 3 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 13: Marketing of sheep and lamb

Most sheep operations derive the majority of their income from the sale of lambs or meat. As a result, lamb prices have a large influence on profitability and viability of the sheep ente...

18 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 12: Controlling predators on sheep farms

Severe losses are suffered by farmers due to predators. The severity of the problem varies by farm and geographic region. For some producers, predator losses can be so overwhelming that ...

18 Aug 2022 · 6 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 11: Grazing management

Grazing management is how and when you control the grazing habits of the animals on your pastures. What animals, how, when, and for how long they graze a pasture determines the species m...

18 Aug 2022 · 6 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 10: Good nutrition – the key to lambing success

Investing in proper nutrition for pregnant and lactating ewes saves both time and money in the long run. Ewes in good body condition prior to lambing have healthier lambs and fewer compl...

18 Aug 2022 · 7 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 9: Flock nutritional requirements

As with people, sheep do not require specific feeds. They require energy, protein, vitamins, minerals, fibre, and water. Many different feedstuffs can meet their nutritional requirements...

18 Aug 2022 · 7 min read

Sheep farming made easy part 8: Sheep handling equipment and restraining devices

Effective sheep handling equipment can cut labour hours by as much as 18%, while allowing handlers to com­plete a variety of tasks efficiently and safely. The layout of the sheep far...

18 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 7: Basic concepts of handling sheep and lambs

Though frequency and need varies, it is usually necessary to handle sheep several times per year for various reasons. Without an easy way to handle sheep and lambs, important tasks often...

18 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Sheep farming made easy – Part 6: Systems and methods to treat and handle sheep waste

One of the most important aspects of any animal-based agricultural operation is having an effective waste management plan which reaps the benefits of the waste and helps reduce the risks...

18 Aug 2022 · 7 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 5: Biosecurity on sheep farms

Biosecurity means the management practices that are followed to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases. Healthy animals are the cornerstone of successful sheep farming. Biosecur...

18 Aug 2022 · 5 min read

Pig production guide – Part 10: Feed

Pig feed Good, high-quality feed is essential for pig production. Proper feed does not only lead to healthier pigs, but also to more profit. Pig feed can drastically impact on the pro...

18 Aug 2022 · 10 min read

Pig production – Part 9: Feed sources for pigs

Various feed sources can be used to make nutritious pig feed that will enable your pigs to grow and earn more profit. The composition of the feed is extremely important. Pigs, like peopl...

18 Aug 2022 · 6 min read

Pig production guide – Part 8: The value of keeping detailed records

Farming is a business. No business can survive without good administration. Keeping detailed records of your pig farming business is essential to remain profitable, avoid losses and keep...

18 Aug 2022 · 4 min read

Pig production guide Part 7: Create new possibilities with waste management

An important operation on any pig farm is proper waste management. The manure produced in the piggery can cause many problems if not managed effectively. If sound waste management princi...

18 Aug 2022 · 5 min read

Pig production guide – Part 6: Proper housing for proper growth and proper profits

Good, efficient housing makes pig management easier and helps the farmer to successfully rear 85% or more of all the live-born piglets to market weight in the shortest possible time. ...

18 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Pig production guide – Part 5: Breeding practices, sow selection and management

The success of a piggery lies in the quality of the breeding programme and breeding practices. Using superior genetics and efficient culling will ensure that your pigs are genetically so...

18 Aug 2022 · 4 min read

Poultry farming Chapter 5.1: Broilers and layers

Raising broiler chickens to sell as meat can be a profitable addition to your present small-scale farming. Chicken meat is a popular source of protein in diets everywhere in the world. ...

18 Aug 2022 · 9 min read

Poultry farming part 4.3: Raising chicks in a brooder

In part one of Chapter 4 we discussed the types of chickens suitable for Southern African circumstances. We also learned how to take care of day-old chicks in a heated brooder from the d...

18 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Poultry farming Part 4.2: Raising chicks in a brooder

In Part 4.1 of the series on raising chicks in a brooder, we looked at the preparation of a brooder heated with infrared lamps. In Part 4.2 we shall look at the requirements of chicks, a...

18 Aug 2022 · 9 min read

Poultry farming part 4.1: Raising chickens in a brooder

Don’t count your chickens before they are hatched. There is much truth in this saying which means that you should not count on anything be­fore it actually happens. But with good plan...

18 Aug 2022 · 10 min read

Poultry farming Part 3: Budget

We discussed twelve points that must be kept in mind when you are considering farming chickens for meat or eggs. This month we look at drawing up a budget to show you what the approximat...

18 Aug 2022 · 9 min read

Dry season feeding and supplementation of grazing cattle, sheep, and goats

Dry season feeding and supplemen­tation for grazing animals requires good planning. The plan should take into account of the long-term effect of the dry season on the land, pasture, fin...

17 Aug 2022 · 3 min read

Cattle breeds Part 4

Santa Gertrudis Robert Kleberg Jr of King Ranch in the United States developed the Santa Gertrudis cattle breed. Kleberg's 400 000 ha ranch had 6 000 Hereford and Shorthorn cows. The...

16 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Is Infectious Bronchitis Variant 2 a problem in your broiler enterprise?

Infectious Bronchitis (IB) Variant 2 (also known as IB variant IS/1494/06) was first detected in Zambia in 2017. In an ongoing survey, Phibro has found it in two broiler flocks in the...

16 Aug 2022 · 7 min read

Successful rabbit farming with Tiger Animal Feeds: What a farmer needs to know – P...

If you have followed this article from the previous publication (Part 1), then you would be aware that rabbits are a very economically viable livestock. They have high reproductive rates...

16 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Poultry farming Part 5.2: Natural and artificial incubation

In the previous aeticle we discussed the raising of pullets and broilers to be sold as meat. In this issue we look at natural and artificial brooding of eggs to be raised as layers. Br...

15 Aug 2022 · 7 min read

Pig farming Part 5: From pig to pork

There is nothing that excites pig farmers more than seeing their herd healthy and having attained the ideal slaughter weight they sought for. It means their arduous labour put into reari...

15 Aug 2022 · 5 min read

Poultry farming Part 2: Planning

Chickens will be a valuable and profitable addition to your existing smallscale farming, but you need a proper plan to ensure that it is sustainable. That means you do not want to spend ...

5 Aug 2022 · 9 min read

Poultry farming part 1: Introduction

Would you like to start your own poultry farm, but do not know how to go about it? If you already have chickens roaming around your yard, you may like to take it one step further and set...

5 Aug 2022 · 8 min read

Innovative dry cow solution helps to prevent new intramammary infections which can...

Bovine mastitis, which is an inflammation of the udder caused by multiple factors, including bacterial infection or trauma, can lead to abnormal and decreased milk production. It is sti...

4 Aug 2022 · 4 min read

Take care of your pigs, and they will take care of you

Optimum profitability on a pig farm starts by raising good quality gilts. After that, feeding a high-quality creep feed to the youngsters will ensure a healthy digestive system, and in t...

29 Jul 2022 · 5 min read

Caring for the calf: What dairy farmers need to know

Raising dairy calves is a challenge for any dairy farmer. Many losses occur through death and poor growth. These losses can be minimised, and health outcomes are improved if the calves a...

29 Jul 2022 · 7 min read

Cattle breeds Part 3

Drakensberger In 1497, the seafarer, Vasco da Gama, first encountered black oxen when rounding the Cape. In 1836, several Voortrekker families left the Cape with similar black oxen, ref...

22 Jul 2022 · 9 min read

Cattle breeds Part 2

Cattle can be considered as an essential daily food and nutrition source, a valuable supply of revenue, and they produce nitrogen-rich manure that can be used to rebuild soils. Different...

22 Jul 2022 · 9 min read

Cattle breeds Part 1

Beef production in Southern Africa has a long history, with cattle being farmed for a variety of purposes in diverse cultures throughout the continent in the present and past. Differe...

22 Jul 2022 · 9 min read

Pig farming part 4: Health management in your piggery

Piggery production systems are kept at peak performance by the upholding of a variety of parameters. One of these is health management. Efficient and effective health management safeguar...

22 Jul 2022 · 5 min read

Pig Farming Part 3: Good nutrition means healthy pigs

An integral part of piggery is the feed the animals consume. The quality of the feed and feed uptake are closely related to parameters such as the Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) of the anim...

22 Jul 2022 · 5 min read

Pig Farming Part 2: Project management

In pig farming, optimum management is essential as this determines the success of the venture. The general production cycle of pig farming begins with a sow mating with a boar, or the...

22 Jul 2022 · 5 min read

Pig farming Part 1: Where did it start, and how to begin

The history of pig production be­gins with humans domesticating pigs from wild boars independently in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) and East Asia around 9 000 years ago. A team led by...

22 Jul 2022 · 7 min read

Massey Ferguson becomes a ‘go to’ tractor for a large dairy farmer in the KZN Midl...

A local dairy farming operation in KwaZulu-Natal is now more grateful than ever for joining the Massey Ferguson family due to the cost-effectiveness and wide application of its tractor r...

21 Jul 2022 · 7 min read

Top genetics from Elmic Beef soon to be on auction

Elmic Beef's 22 production auction is around the corner! Situated on the farm Brakvlei, Vrede in the eastern Freestate, Elmic Beef brings you top quality Beefmaster cattle. If you are...

20 Jul 2022 · < 1 min read

Quality genetics from Milestone Beefmasters

Through the years Mylpaal Boerdery experimented with different cattle breeds (Beefmasters among others). We came to the conclusion that Beefmaster is the way to go – ideal for cross br...

15 Jul 2022 · 2 min read

Make Bonnox part of your farm-smart

“When you touch the wire, you can feel the quality,” says Hezekiel Malesa from Brits. He fenced his 23-hectare farm with Bonnox as part of his long-term farming plan. “I invest a ...

7 Jul 2022 · 4 min read

Kanna makes sheep work easy

Kanna’s affordable wool presses press wool just as effectively as the automatic models. Better, quicker, easier, as well as more effective and affordable, that is what Kanna, the in...

30 Jun 2022 · 3 min read

AGI provides solutions from farm to feed factory

AGI is well known for their grain handling facilities on farms and at silos, but they have proven in Mauritius that they also have the solutions for the bulk handling of material at feed...

27 Jun 2022 · 5 min read

Fatten your beef cattle with Novatek Feedlot 85

Feed-lotting (also called pen fattening) involves the feeding of beef cattle with a high protein, energy balanced diet for a period of 60 to 90 days in confinement to increase live and s...

27 Jun 2022 · 4 min read

Successful rabbit farming with Tiger Animal Feeds – Part 1: What a farmer needs to...

Rabbits are commonly raised around the world to sell their meat and for gathering fur. Their meat is very tasty. Rabbit fur is of high quality, having extensive application in the textil...

27 Jun 2022 · 5 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle – Part 8: Milking parlours an...

There is a wide variety of options to choose from when constructing a dairy parlour. These parlours are costly to build; therefore, you will mostly find them on commercial dairy farms. W...

23 Jun 2022 · 9 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle – Part 7: Planning of a dairy

The planning and construction of a successful dairy require thoughtful actions and the involvement of various knowledgeable people. Many problems and complaints about dairies come about ...

23 Jun 2022 · 6 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle: Part 6: Influence of unfavou...

The occurrence of wet, muddy conditions and accumulation of manure, do not only make the production of hygienic milk difficult, but also contribute to mastitis, hoof and leg problems, an...

23 Jun 2022 · 10 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle – Part 5: Prevailing weather ...

Considering the biological characteristics of dairy cows and the influence of high and low temperatures on production, the climatic conditions prevailing in a certain region must be cons...

23 Jun 2022 · 7 min read

Manage your cattle’s grazing better for a higher production rate

Animal feed is expensive. Farmers always strive to keep their animals fed with natural grazing and only supplement the nutrients that the herd may lack, instead of always feeding every a...

14 Jun 2022 · 6 min read

Wintering of ruminants: Feed wisely and farm efficiently

Winter is properly rearing its head with the first frost that had already occurred in places. The unpredictability of nature always presents challenges and can catch even experienced far...

3 Jun 2022 · 4 min read

Yolk sac utilisation in the broiler chick: a matter of importance

The modern broiler chicken breeds have been selected over several years for fast growth and at present weigh around 2,3 kg at 35 to 42 days of age. The magnitude of growth indicates that...

3 Jun 2022 · 5 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 4: The big five of parasite control

Devastating losses can be caused in sheep flocks by parasites. In most sheep production areas, internal parasites, or gastro-intestinal nematodes, also known as worms, are the primary di...

24 May 2022 · 6 min read

Sheep farming made easy Part 3: Sheep production facilities and equipment

Housing needs for sheep vary by climate, seasons of lambing, and management preferences of the farmer. Many different types of housing can be used for sheep. Traditional barns, pole buil...

24 May 2022 · 7 min read

Sheep farming made easy – Part 2: Production cycles and reproduction management

Reproduction is one of the most important factors which determine profitability when farming with sheep. The reproductive rate varies by farm, production system, and geographic areas. ...

24 May 2022 · 7 min read

Sheep farming made easy – Part 1: Sheep production and breed choices

Sheep production is becoming more popular in Southern Africa and the prices of small stock are increasing at livestock auctions. The success of small stock farming rests on the implem...

24 May 2022 · 5 min read

Make money with small-stock farming

Farming is a business, whether you have 10 or 1 000 female animals. The aim is to increase your wealth – to make more money or to have more sheep and/or goats. The best way to achieve ...

13 May 2022 · 4 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle – Part 4: Influence of the th...

High temperatures Warm and humid weather conditions cause heat stress in dairy cows, which decreases milk production, milk quality and reproduction. The health status of the udder is al...

13 May 2022 · 6 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle – Part 3: Environmental requi...

The purpose of the intensive housing system for dairy cows is mainly the provision of an environment in which the stress factors which accompany milk production, as well as the adverse e...

13 May 2022 · 8 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle – Part 2: Different dairy cat...

Dairy cattle breeds differ in many ways. Some breeds adapt better than others in particular environmental circumstances and the quantities of milk, butter fat and protein content in thei...

13 May 2022 · 5 min read

Create the perfect environment for your dairy cattle – Part 1: Herd combination an...

The main focus of this series is to provide the dairy farmer with the necessary advice and information regarding dairy structures from an engineering point of view. Enjoy! Through the...

13 May 2022 · 6 min read

Profitable fishpond farming is within your reach

Zambia holds 104,8 billion m³ of renewable freshwater, or 4,5% of the total SADC region, making Zambia the country with the fifth-largest supply of renewable freshwater. This import...

13 May 2022 · 4 min read

Chicken farming: Build your own broiler house

The present-day South African farming industry is striving for lower investment capital, in order to show bigger profits. Planners and designers in this industry are forced to develop me...

13 May 2022 · 6 min read

General guidelines for ewes during the lambing season

More than 85% of all lamb deaths occur during the birth process due to complications – sometimes as a result of malnutrition – together with stillborn lambs. Premature lambs may s...

13 May 2022 · 3 min read

Farming Basics: Goat farming

Goat farming can be a lucrative business if managed properly. This guide will help you to increase your goat herd with healthy animals, and also your profits. The top meat producing goat...

13 May 2022 · 5 min read

Understanding the immune system of your fish

The past several years have seen remarkable development in the area of fish immunology. Worldwide, fish culture is on the rise, with the treatment of fish diseases becoming increasingly ...

13 May 2022 · 3 min read

Pig production guide – Part 4: Breeding practices and boar management

The success of a piggery lies in the quality of the breeding programme and breeding practices. Using superior genetics and efficient culling will ensure that your pigs are genetically...

13 May 2022 · 4 min read

Pig production guide – Part 3: Preventing and treating diseases in piggeries

Prevention is better than cure. Nowhere is this statement more accurate than used in reference to animal health. Medicines are expensive and they often influence the production schedule ...

13 May 2022 · 6 min read

Pig production guide – Part 2: Sound Management Principles

The management of a business plays a crucial role in its success or failure. Even more so when dealing with livestock. Managing the different types of feed of animals at different ages, ...

13 May 2022 · 14 min read

Pig production guide – Part 1: Introduction to pig feed

Eating like a pig might not be considered good table manners, but it also should not imply that pigs feed on scraps and leftovers from the table. The days when farmers kept pigs to dispo...

13 May 2022 · 5 min read

Livestock diseases to look out for in summer

Africa can get really hot during summer, and these are the conditions under which various diseases thrive. Livestock farmers must know what summer diseases to look out for, what the symp...

13 May 2022 · 6 min read

Dissolved oxygen – importance in fish farming

Formulated fish feeds are vital as they offer fish a balanced diet, which in turn promotes accelerated growth. Aquaculture as a business relies heavily on the shortest time to market bec...

11 May 2022 · 4 min read

Infrastructure for stock farming

A farm without any infrastructure is not a farm! A farming enterprise cannot be managed efficiently without infrastructure, and that means that no stock management or veld management wil...

11 May 2022 · 3 min read
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